How can I handle ElementNotInteractableException?



  • enter image description hereThat tag element

    org.openqa.selenium.ElementNotInteractableException: Element is not reachable by keyboard



  • ElementNotInteractableException

    ElementNotInteractableException is the W3C exception which is thrown to indicate that although an element is present on the HTML DOM, it is not in a state that can be interacted with.

    Reasons & Solutions :

    The reason for ElementNotInteractableException to occur can be numerous.

    1. Temporary Overlay of other WebElement over the WebElement of our interest :

    In this case, the direct solution would have been to induce ExplicitWait i.e. WebDriverWait in combination with ExpectedCondition as invisibilityOfElementLocated as folllows:

    WebDriverWait wait2 = new WebDriverWait(driver, 10);
    wait2.until(ExpectedConditions.invisibilityOfElementLocated(By.xpath("xpath_of_element_to_be_invisible")));
    driver.findElement(By.xpath("xpath_element_to_be_clicked")).click();
    

    A better solution will be to get a bit more granular and instead of using ExpectedCondition as invisibilityOfElementLocated we can use ExpectedCondition as elementToBeClickable as follows:

    WebDriverWait wait1 = new WebDriverWait(driver, 10);
    WebElement element1 = wait1.until(ExpectedConditions.elementToBeClickable(By.xpath("xpath_of_element_to_be_clicked")));
    element1.click();
    

    2.Permanent Overlay of other WebElement over the WebElement of our interest :

    If the overlay is a permanent one in this case we have to cast the WebDriver instance as JavascriptExecutor and perform the click operation as follows:

    WebElement ele = driver.findElement(By.xpath("element_xpath"));
    JavascriptExecutor executor = (JavascriptExecutor)driver;
    executor.executeScript("arguments[0].click();", ele);
    

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